By George Castle – CBM Historian on June 15, 2019
Thom Ross makes his point – very sharply – about the Black Sox via his art in the most publicized exhibit commemorating the 100th anniversary of sports’ biggest scandal.
All of Ross’ drawings of the celebrities, sanctimonious arbiters and shadowy characters involved in the attempting throwing of the 1919 World Series have angular, almost severe lines. He did not sketch rounded, softer edges. The style makes everyone seem taller.
In fact, Ross’ depiction of Kenesaw Mountain Landis required a rectangular display case. The judge who threw the book – and then some – at the Black Sox almost seems to grow out of his confines with the artist making him long, lean and spare.
A lot of the motivations of the 1919 White Sox who took gamblers money and those who judged them are still up for debate. But not Ross’ MO in his sketching style. He has put it all together in an exhibit, “The Black Sox – A Century Later,” running through July at the Beverly Arts Center on the southwest corner of Western Avenue and 111th Street in Chicago. Commuters from nearby I-57 on 111th go up a sudden incline at Longwood Drive to Chicago’s highest point to gain a special perspective into baseball’s lowest moment that has been made into books, movies and endless recrimination.
“It’s just who I am,” Ross said, appropriately dressed in 1919 garb, complete with straw skimmer, for the opening of the exhibit. “My theory is things like mythology and legend are inspired by historical stories and truth. But it gets warped (over the decades). That’s why these figures (with sharp edges) don’t look like photographs. In that mythic world, you appear like you do in a dream.
“Life is kind of a like a coin. It has two sides. It’s the same as who we are. We have a historical side that our friends may know, and a mythic side. When you look at historical interpretation in novels, poems and especially movies, it’s based on a true event. And then it’s altered.
“It’s in that alteration, that mythic realm, that these eight men have their power. It might be a guilt power, it might be a tragic power, it could be a cautionary tale. People who don’t care about baseball who saw ‘Field of Dreams’ don’t care about Buck Weaver (or accuracy).”
Mythology added on through the decades
Around the 70th anniversary of the Black Sox, two movies further advanced the mythology. “Eight Men Out” purported to tell the historical side, but the whole process surely was surely Hollywood-ized with fictional angles for dramatic effect.
Then came “Field of Dreams,” an all-time cinematic master of mythmaking and Americana. First Shoeless Joe Jackson, in the form of right-handed hitting Ray Liotta portraying the southpaw-swinging batsman, appeared in the cornfield. “It’s a myth, so maybe in the next world Shoeless Joe hits right-handed,” Ross said. Then Shoeless Joe’s Black Sox teammates wandered out of the stalks, complete with a catcher. As we know, 1919 White Sox catcher Ray Schalk was one of the “Clean Sox” and no backup joined the plotters.
Whether history or myth, the Black Sox Scandal’s tentacles reached far beyond newbie baseball commissioner Landis’ banishment-for-life of seven active participants and Weaver. The third baseman purportedly heard of the scheming, but did not violate the eternal baseball code by tattling on his teammates. Weaver was caught in the dragnet of guilt-by-associaation. (https://www.clearbuck.com)
In fact, the Black Sox helped create even more mythology on even bigger stages. Babe Ruth’s “called shot” on Oct. 1, 1932 in Game 3 of the World Series was the outgrowth of Landis’ mid-summer ’32 investigation into Cubs manager Rogers Hornsby’s borrowing money from his player to cover racetrack debts.
Landis’ ears perked up at the slightest hint of gambling. In the nervous atmosphere of Landis’ probe, Cubs players voted newly-acquired shortstop Mark Koenig, a former Ruth Yankees teammate, only a quarter World Series share. Angered, Ruth called the Cubs cheapskates and chiselers. The Cubs and Ruth razzed each other with epithets and body English before and during his homer off Charlie Root, but no newspaper or radio account mentioned Ruth pointing to call his shot. Old movies show Ruth gesturing at the Cubs dugout instead. However, Ruth knew a good yarn when he heard it, and played along with the myth.
‘No gambling’ sign in every clubhouse
Signs warning of the absolute ban against betting are posted in every big-league clubhouse. Pete Rose, who thought he could conquer anything, ignored them in his gambling addiction and was himself banished for life exactly 70 years after the 1919 World Series. Since the Black Sox’s collective ejections from the game are considered settled law by all subsequent commissioners, no amount of tardy remorse from Rose will get him back into baseball.
Interestingly, the Black Sox scandal itself had its origins in Wrigley Field, as then-Cubs president William Veeck, Sr. appealed for help investigating an apparent effort to throw a 1920 Cubs-Phillies game. Soon, however, the Cook County grand jury inquiry shifted from that incident to much bigger game from the 1919 World Series.
The mythology came back to the Cubs again, many decades after the “called shot.” Commissioner Bowie Kuhn heard rumors manager Leo Durocher might have done some gun-to-his-head managing in the “black cat series” between the Cubs and Mets at Shea Stadium on Sept. 8-9, 1969 to pay off a $50,000 gambling debt. Kuhn investigated Durocher after the season and into spring training 1970. He asked Chicago columnist Rick Talley to sit on the news of the probe for the good of the game. Talley complied. Kuhn cleared Durocher, but proved the ghosts of the Black Sox keep dragging their collective ball-and-chain through MLB headquarters no matter how much distance is put between the present and 1919.
And in yet another comical twist, inept wrong-side swinger Liotta ended up with Cubs matinee idol Mark Grace’s first wife. Grace paid $1 million, then a hefty price, for a Malibu home so the former Michelle Messer could pursue an acting career circa 1990. Say it ain’t so, Joe. Messer only got a bit part, but ended up with Liotta, who later had his head opened up for brain-tasting by Anthony Hopkins in a “Silence of the Lambs” sequel.
An entire museum would have been required to house all these tangents. But Ross did a good job with one big gallery room at the Beverly Arts Center. Dozens of his drawings line the walls. Each of the Black Sox sketches is accompanied by the player’s real photo, to illustrate Ross’ history-mythology contrast. Weaver’s smiling face in black-and-white personifies the real person while the sketch shows what we might think he’d look like through all the oral history and other mythology media.
Actual newspaper front and photo pages in display cases lend further realism. A couple of replica 1919 White Sox uniforms are hanging up. The heavy wool composition shows any ballplayer pre-1971, when lighter double-knit uniforms became common, should have merited combat pay playing in the heat.
‘Funny money’ shows temptation
The absolute symbolism of the Black Sox’s actions is displayed by just looking up. Attached to the ceiling on one side of the gallery are replicas of big money — $10, $20 and $100 bills. Ross is saying the actions of the Black Sox are hardly an outlier. What would any of us do if the prospect of easy money was dangled within easy reach?
Ross, 67, is no baseball rookie. He grew up a Giants fan in San Francisco. “Who was 24? Who was 44?” he asked a visitor. Of course, they were gimme questions with answers for Willie Mays and Willie McCovey, respectively. So from a distance of nearly 2,000 miles, he understood the Black Sox’s impact on culture.
In 1984, Ross created “The Catch” — a diorama for the Hall of Fame illustrating Mays’ legendary catch in the 1954 World Series, called on NBC-TV by Jack Brickhouse. For the 50th anniversary, he created a new version of the work for display in various locations in New York. In 1998, Ross created “The Defining Moment” for Safeco Field, a tableau of 11 steel cutouts of a Ken Griffey, Jr. play in the 1995 baseball playoffs.
“Leave history out of it,” Ross said. “These eight guys have mythic power because of their tragedy.
“You put Buck Weaver in the Hall of Fame. You put Joe Jackson in the Hall of Fame. They’ll fade in two weeks and no one will care. But by keeping them out, they stay immortal.”
More examples of Ross Black Sox art are accessed at https://www.thomrossart.com.Category Baseball Under Glass Blog Tags #BlackSox 100, 1919 World Series, Black Sox, Buck Weaver, Chicago Cubs, Chicago White Sox, Eight Men Out, Fields of Dreams, Joe Jackson, Judge Landis, Pete Rose, Ray Schalk